vipera ammodytes montandoni

Image of violent, scale, species - 26304275 Studies of snake venom on blood coagulation. [4], According to Boulenger (1913): "Naso-rostral shield never reaching the canthus rostralis nor the summit of the rostral shield, which is deeper than broad (once and one seventh to once and a half); rostral appendage clad with ten to fourteen scales, in three (rarely two or four) transverse series between the rostral shield and the apex. Ang Vipera ammodytes sakop sa kahenera nga Vipera, ug kabanay nga Viperidae. Vipera ammodytes (other common names include horned viper, long-nosed viper, nose-horned viper, sand viper)[3] is a viper species found in southern Europe, mainly the Balkans, and parts of the Middle East. ''Vipera ammodytes'' is a venomous viper species found in southern Europe through to the Balkans and parts of the Middle East. [5] Five subspecies are currently recognized, including the nominate subspecies described here. Vipera ammodytes at the New Reptile Database . Format. Dorsal scales in twenty-one rows. [10], The common name sand viper is misleading, as this species does not occur in mostly sandy areas. [4], Females have a similar color pattern, except that it is less distinct and contrasting. At birth, juveniles are 14–24 cm (5.5–9.4 in) in total length. Find out more about the company LUMITOS and our team. Vipera ammodytes montandoni Boulenger, 1904 Animalia Chordata Reptilia Lepidosauromorpha Squamata Serpentes Colubroidea Viperidae Vipera ammodytes montandoni Identified by Catalog A Worldwide Review of Effects of the Small Indian Mongoose, Herpestes javanicus (Carnivora: Herpestidae). Grows to a maximum length of 95 cm, although individuals usually measure less than 85 cm. The venom can be quite toxic [based on tests conducted solely on mice], but varies over time and among different populations. The morphological characteristics and distribution of Vipera ammodytes transcaucasiana, which is a member of the Vipera kaznakovi group, were studied. A more or less distinct blotch on the lower lip, involving five to seven labial shields without complete interruption. Vipera ammodytes montandoni (BOULENGER 1904) Vipera ammodytes ruffoi BRUNO 1968 Někteří herpetologové synonymizují poddruh V.a.gregorwallneri s nominotypickým poddruhem V.a.ammodytes. Giklaseklase sa IUCN ang kaliwatan sa kinaminosang kalabotan. However, there are many alternative taxonomies. Occasionally, other snakes are eaten. In males, the head has irregular dark brown, dark gray, or black markings. Photo about A wild, female of Vipera ammodytes montandoni found in it s terra typica. An Vipera ammodytes in nahilalakip ha genus nga Vipera, ngan familia nga Viperidae. [4], Despite its reputation, this species is generally lethargic, not at all aggressive, and tends not to bite without considerable provocation. Find out how LUMITOS supports you with online marketing. Western sand viper. A thick, black stripe runs from behind the eye to behind the angle of the jaw. Observations on the diet of the nose-horned viper (, This page was last edited on 6 December 2020, at 15:38. Vipera species Vipera ammodytes Name Synonyms Coluber ammodytes Linnaeus, 1758 Vipera ammodytes Venchi & Sindaco, 2006 Vipera aspis balcanica Buresch & Zonkov, 1934 Homonyms Vipera ammodytes (Linnaeus, 1758) Vipera ammodytes Venchi & Sindaco, 2006 An Vipera ammodytes in uska species han Viperidae nga ginhulagway ni Linnaeus hadton 1758. [4], Vipera ammodytes venom is used in the production of antivenin for the bite of other European vipers and the snake is farmed for this purpose. Photo about Detail of an female of Mediteranean horned viper. Aleksandar Simović has uploaded 735 photos to Flickr. [4], Vipera ammodytes hibernates in the winter for a period of 2 to 6 months depending on environmental conditions.[7]. [5] [6] A fost clasificată de IUCN ca specie cu risc scăzut. [2], This species is listed as strictly protected (Appendix II) under the Berne Convention. Vipera ammodytes (Linnaeus, 1758) – Taxon details on Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). Obraz złożonej z ammodytes, vipera - 130532093 ; Burton, J.A. Juvenile color patterns are about the same as the adults. However, many consider both V. a. ruffoi and V. a. gregorwalineri to be synonymous with V. a. ammodytes,[7] and consider V. a. transcaucasiana to be a separate species.[4][7]. Vipera ammodytes montandoni is a venomous viper subspecies[3] found in Bulgaria and southern Romania. Explore Aleksandar Simović's photos on Flickr. Melanism does occur, but is rare. Vipera ammodytes montandoni : Geographic Information Geographic Division: Europe & Northern Asia (excluding China) Jurisdiction/Origin: Comments Comment: Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. A male Vipera ammodytes montandoni, from the south-western Thracian plain. Vipera ammodytes montandoni Boulenger, 1904 Animalia Chordata Reptilia Lepidosauromorpha Squamata Serpentes Colubroidea Viperidae Vipera ammodytes montandoni Identified by Catalog Pobierz zdjęcie stockowe Zbliżenie z nosa rogata żmija w środowisku naturalnym (Vipera ammodytes montandoni ) royalty-free 228276272 z kolekcji Depositphotos – zdjęcia stockowe premium w wysokiej rozdzielczości, obrazy wektorowe i ilustracje. [3], The body is covered with strongly keeled dorsal scales in 21 or 23 rows (rarely 25) at mid-body. [4], The venom has both proteolytic and neurotoxic components and contains hemotoxins with blood coagulant properties, similar to and as powerful as in crotaline venom. Description. Sometimes the ventral color is black or bluish gray with white flecks and inclusions edged in white. [4], Horned viper, long-nosed viper, nose-horned viper, sand viper,[3] sand adder, common sand adder, common sand viper,[8] sand natter.[9]. Some remain motionless and hiss loudly, some hiss and then flee, while still others will attempt to bite immediately. [4] Mating takes place in the spring (April–May), and one to twenty live young are born in late summer or fall (August–October). [13] However, as far as handling is concerned, despite its relatively placid reputation, pinning and necking this snake can be risky, as they are relatively strong and can unexpectedly jerk free from a keeper's grasp. Gulden, J. Underneath, the tip of the tail may be yellow, orange, orange-red, red, or green. For close examinations, it is therefore advisable to use a clear plastic restraining tube instead.[7]. A Field Guide to the Reptiles and Amphibians of Britain and Europe. [7] Arthropods such as large insects and centipedes have regularly been found in the stomach contents of vipers, albeit more frequently in juveniles that eat centipedes like Mediterranean banded centipede[12]. εικόνα από vipera, ammodytes, montandoni - 26304274 Druh Vipera ammodytes (Linnaeus, 1758) Vipera ammodytes montandoni Autor: Petr Balej • 21.12.2003 • Kategorie: zmijovití • Taxonomie: Vipera ammodytes [15] Novak et al. Ginklasipika han IUCN an species komo diri gud kababarak-an. [6], V. ammodytes grows to a maximum total length (body + tail) of 95 cm (37.5 in), although individuals usually measure less than 85 cm (33.5 in). The Transdanubian Sand Viper (Vipera ammodytes montandoni (Vam)) is spread from Turkish Thrace, The chin is lighter in color than the belly. Schwarz (1936) proposed that the type locality be restricted to "Zara" (Zadar, Croatia). With an accout for you can always see everything at a glance – and you can configure your own website and individual newsletter. Wikipedia article "Vipera_ammodytes_montandoni". Males have 133–161 ventral scales and 27–46 paired subcaudals. May be found above 2000 m at lower latitudes. Kaliwatan sa bitin ang Vipera ammodytes.Una ning gihulagway ni Linnaeus ni adtong 1758. [4], The most distinctive characteristic is a single "horn" on the snout, just above the rostral scale. 1978. At lower altitudes, it may be found at any time of the day, becoming increasingly nocturnal as daytime temperatures rise. Vipera ammodytes montadoni este catalogata drept „adevarata vipera cu corn” si totodata cel mai periculos reprezentant al genului de pe teritoriul tarii noastre deoarece are un timp de reactie mult mai scurt si o agresivitate mai mare in comparatie cu celelalte tipuri. [4] There are also reports of cannibalism. Females have 135–164 and 24–38 respectively. Ventral shields 149 to 158; subcaudals 30 to 38. If surprised, wild specimens may react in a number of different ways. Nazwa łacińska: Vipera ammodytes Nazwa polska: Żmija nosoroga Nazwa angielska: Long-nosed viper,nose-horned viper (ang. [7] This species is ovoviviparous. 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2009.RLTS.T62255A12584303.en, Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats, Appendix II, "Observations on the diet of the nose-horned viper (Vipera ammodytes) in Greece", Amphibians & Reptiles in Bulgaria and Balkan Peninsula,, All Wikipedia articles needing clarification, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from September 2014, Articles needing more detailed references, Articles with dead external links from May 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. 1988. [8][13], This species was originally described by Carl Linnaeus in Systema Naturae in 1758. The specific name, ammodytes, is derived from the Greek words ammos, meaning "sand", and dutes, meaning "burrower" or "diver", despite its preference for rocky habitats. Lizards are less affected, while amphibians may even survive a bite. To use all the functions on Chemie.DE please activate JavaScript. They usually lack the dark blotch or V marking on the back of the head that the males have. Mnemonic i-Taxon identifier i: 235554: Scientific name i: Vipera ammodytes montandoni: Taxonomy navigation › Vipera ammodytes. Accessed on 22 Jule 2009. Bites promote symptoms typical of viperid envenomation, such as pain, swelling and discoloration, all of which may be immediate. Biology and Impacts of Pacific Island Invasive Species. Feeding behavior changes and is influenced heavily by prey size. Larger prey are struck, released, tracked, and swallowed, while smaller prey is swallowed without using the venom apparatus. Zdjęcie o W górę żmii Vipera żeńskich uzbrajać w rogi ammodytes. B. Petkovic, D.; Javanovic, T.; Micevic, D.; Unkovic-Cvetkovic, N.; Cvetkovic, M. 1979. Arnold, E.N. [4] It grows to a length of about 5 mm (0.20 in) and is actually soft and flexible. ), Nazwa niemiecka:Europäische Hornotter, Europäische Sandotter (niem.) 2020. (1973) give ranges of 0.44–0.82 mg/kg and IV and 0.19–0.64 mg/kg IP. [4] It tolerates captivity much better than other European vipers, thriving in most surroundings and usually taking food easily from the start. [4] Brown (1973) gives an LD50 for mice of 1.2 mg/kg IV, 1.5 mg/kg IP and 2.0 mg/kg SC. The scales bordering the ventrals are smooth or weakly keeled. φωτογραφία σχετικά με Ammodytes Vipera montandoni, ενήλικο θηλυκό. The head is covered in small, irregular scales that are either smooth o… In southern subspecies, the horn sits vertically upright, while in V. a. Ammodytes it points diagonally forward. This pattern is often fragmented. A female Vipera ammodytes montandoni, from a karst region in central-north Bulgaria. [14] In some areas it is at least a significant medical risk. [4], The color pattern is different for males and females. The Nose-horned Viper (Vipera ammodytes) is one of the most widespread and venomous snakes in Europe, which causes high frequent snakebite accidents.The first comprehensive venom characterization of the regional endemic Transcaucasian Nose-horned Viper (Vipera ammodytes transcaucasiana) and the Transdanubian Sand Viper (Vipera ammodytes montandoni) is reported employing a … Meier, J.; Stocker, K.F. Females are somewhat smaller than males. Five Read what you need to know about our industry portal Global Biodiversity Information Facility. Hays, W.S.T. It is reputed to be the most dangerous of the European vipers due to its large size, long fangs (up to 13 mm) and high venom toxicity. Action of, Plettenberg Laing, A. [11] V. ammodytes primarily inhabits dry, rocky hillsides with sparse vegetation. It consists of 9–17 scales arranged in 2 (rarely 2 or 4) transverse rows. The rostral scale is wider than it is long. Microsoft Internet Explorer 6.0 does not support some functions on Chemie.DE. London: Collins. [4] The average total length is 50–70 cm (19.5–27.5 in) with reports of specimens over 1 m (39 in) in total length. Your browser does not support JavaScript. Other properties include anticoagulant effects, hemoconcentration and hemorrhage. A row of indistinct, dark (occasionally yellowish) spots runs along each side, sometimes joined in a wavy band. See ammodytoxins.. Vipera ammodytes montandoni is a venomous viper subspecies found in Bulgaria and southern Romania. In: Tu, A., editor. [4], This species has no particular preference for its daily activity period. Before mating, the males of this species will engage in a combat dance, similar to adders. Vipera ammodytes montandoni Boulenger, 1904 Taxonomic Serial No. The belly color varies and can be grayish, yellowish brown, or pinkish, "heavily clouded" with dark spots. It is reputed to be the most dangerous of the European vipers due to its large size, long fangs and high venom toxicity. [4] One additional subspecies that may be encountered in literature is V. a. ruffoi (Bruno, 1968),[4] found in the Alpine region of Italy. Taxonomy - Vipera ammodytes montandoni (SUBSPECIES) ))) Map to UniProtKB (15) Unreviewed (15) TrEMBL. Rozšíření: Balkánský poloostrov až Rakousko a Maďarsko,j.Rusko,Turecko až Kavkaz. 1973. The dorsal zigzag is a shade of brown. [4] The specific name, ammodytes, is derived from the Greek words ammos, meaning "sand", and dutes, meaning "burrower" or "diver", despite its preference for rocky habitats. Żmija nosoroga (Vipera ammodytes) – gatunek jadowitego węża z rodziny żmijowatych. Males have a characteristic dark blotch or V marking on the back of the head that often connects to the dorsal zigzag pattern. © 1997-2021 LUMITOS AG, All rights reserved,, Your browser is not current. Southern Austria, north-eastern Italy, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Serbia, Montenegro, Albania, Kosovo, North Macedonia, Greece (including Cyclades), Romania, Bulgaria, Turkey, Georgia and Syria. Minton (1974) states 6.6 mg/kg SC. Dictionary of molecular biology. Free and Open Access to Biodiversity Data. "Snake venom protein C activators". Vipera aspis balcanica - Buresch & Zonkov, 1934 Vipera ( Rhinaspis ) ammodytes montandoni - 1983 Vipera ammodytes montandoni - Weinsten, Minton & Wilde, 1985 [1] [1] This is likely the most dangerous snake to be found in Europe. [7], The head is covered in small, irregular scales that are either smooth or only weakly keeled, except for a pair of large supraocular scales that extend beyond the posterior margin of the eye. At higher altitudes, it is more active during the day. Jej rozmieszczenie obejmuje cieplejsze rejony Europy (południowa Austria , północne Włochy , Półwysep Bałkański , Cyklady , Azja Mniejsza do Kaukazu Północnego ). Crude venoms were extracted, using a paraffin-covered laboratory beaker without exerting pressure on the venom glands, pooled for each subspecies and lyophilized. 10–13 small scales border the eye, and two rows separate the eye from the supralabials. 272 pp. The nasal scale is large, single (rarely divided), and separated from the rostral by a single nasorostral scale. The dorsal zigzag is dark gray or black, the edge of which is sometimes darker. [7] Females are usually[vague] larger and more heavily[specify] built, although the largest specimens on record are males. Ground color is variable and tends more towards browns and bronzes, such as grayish brown, reddish brown, copper, "dirty cream", or brick red. Part I: The thromboserpentin (thrombin-like) enzyme in the venoms. Hibernation and breeding of. Pentru informaţii detaliate despre celelalte programe cofinanţate de Uniunea Europeană, vă invităm să vizitaţi Conţinutul acestui material nu reprezintă în mod obligatoriu poziţia oficială a Uniunii Europene sau a Guvernului României Conţinutul acestui material nu reprezintă în mod obligatoriu ; Conant, Sheila.

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