Underneath the splendor of his last glorious campaign against the Ammonites was a dark story, known probably at that time only to a very few --the double crime of adultery with Bath-sheba and the virtual murder of Uriah. David and his men rent their clothes and mourned for Saul, who had been defeated in battle near Mount Gilboa. The central demand of life in covenant with God, both from the mouth of Moses and Jesus, was to love him with the whole heart ( Deut 6:5 ; Mark 12:30 ). The beginning of his good fortune had been the friendship of the prophet Samuel (1 Samuel 16:13; 19:18). The incident recounted in 2 Samuel 23:9 happened at Pasdammim (1 Chronicles 11:13). David and Michal seem to have lived on terms of perfect equality (2 Samuel 6:20). On two occasions David had Saul in his power, but refused to seize the opportunity of taking his life (1 Samuel 24-26). He dealt otherwise with malefactors who could be better spared (2 Samuel 1:14; 4:9). ( 1 Samuel 25:42 1 Samuel 25:43 ) Finally comes the new of the battle of Gilboa and the death of Saul and Jonathan. He became apparently the adopted son of Hezron and so David might claim kinship with him, and through him with Othniel the first of the judges (Judges 1:13). It was to a native of Gath that he committed the care of the sacred ark on its passage from Kiriath-jearim to Jerusalem (2 Samuel 6:10,11). The reception of the tidings of the death of his rival and of his friend, the solemn mourning, the vent of his indignation against the bearer of the message, the pathetic lamentation that followed, will close the second period of Davids life. Another of his nephews, Jonathan the son of Shimei (Shammah), is mentioned (2 Samuel 21:21; compare 1 Samuel 16:9) and the Chronicler thinks many other knights joined him during this period (1 Chronicles 11:10). Within the larger DH, the writer is concerned to trace the faithfulness of God in his promise to David that he would never lack a descendant sitting on this throne ( 2 Sam 7 ). David discharged, as most Orientals do, his duty toward his parents (1 Samuel 22:3). The earliest events in the career of David are involved in some obscurity. Trova esempi di versetti biblici in cui compare l’espressione “Città di Davide”. 21 // 2 Sam. Peace was now restored, and David returned to Jerusalem and resumed the direction of affairs. His first favorite was his oldest son Amnon (2 Samuel 13:21, Septuagint). There he offered up sacrifice, and called the elders of Israel and Jesse's family to the sacrificial meal. The king would have many such squires: Joab, though only commander-in-chief, had, it seems, eighteen (2 Samuel 23:37 reads "armor-bearers"); (c) David would not play before Saul every day: his presence might not be required for a space of weeks or months; (d) Saul's failure to recognize David may have been a result of the `evil spirit from Yahweh' and Abner's denial of knowledge may have been feigned out of jealousy. His eldest son Amnon, whose mother was Ahinoam of Jezreel, was guilty of a great and shameful crime ( 2 Samuel 13 ). He accordingly suppresses the dark passages of David's life, e. g. the murder of Uriah (1 Chronicles 21:1). For usage information, please read the Baker Book House Copyright Statement. In the East every man is a soldier, and David's bent was in that direction. Uriah, whom he had foully wronged, an officer of the Gibborim, the corps of heros ( 23:39 ), was, by his order, "set in the front of the hottest battle" at the siege of Rabbah, in order that he might be put to death. The annual sacrificial feast is being held when Samuel appears, sent by God to anoint one of Jesses sons as they pass before him, ( 1 Samuel 16:6-10 ) Samuel sends for the youngest, David, who was "keeping the sheep," and anoints him. beloved, the eighth and youngest son of Jesse, a citizen of Bethlehem. The flocks were sent out every day to pasture in the neighboring valleys attended by the herdsmen armed so as to defend themselves and their charge, not only against marauders from the surrounding deserts, but also from the lions and bears with which the country was then infested. A fourth wife was the daughter of Talmai of Geshur, Maacah, whom he had captured in war (1 Samuel 27:8; 2 Samuel 3:3). See the commentaries on the books of Samuel, Kings, Chronicles, and Psalms, and histories of the kingdoms of Israel and Judah, especially Wellhausen and Kittel. Of David's character the most opposite estimates have been formed. With the help of stratagem on the part of Michal, this was effected and David went to Samuel at Ramah for counsel and advice (1 Samuel 19:18). There is no reason to doubt the sincerity of his love for Jonathan, although it is not so completely cut off from all suspicion of self-interest as is that of Jonathan for him. The author of the Epistle to the Hebrews speaks of the Book of Psalms simply as "David" (Hebrews 4:7). His impact on the history of Israel is seen from the extensive interest in him and his successors as reflected in the Deuteronomic history, the prophets, the Chronicler's history, the psalms, and the New Testament. David, hijo de Isaí, nació en Belén. He was persuaded, however, by the prophet Nathan to forego that task, on the ground of his having shed much human blood, and to leave it to his successor (1 Chronicles 22:8; 28:3). The account of David's relationship with Bathsheba not only prepares for the eventual accession of Solomon, but it also sets in motion a curse that will dog the remainder of David's life: death and sexual outrage will follow, and "the sword will never depart from [his] house" ( 2 Sam 12:10 ). Then began a civil war in Israel. Why was life expectancy so much greater for a king in the South? In this vicinity he was joined by his whole family, ( 1 Samuel 22:1 ) and by a motley crowd of debtors and discontented men, ( 1 Samuel 22:2 ) which formed the nucleus of his army. God, however, sent Nathan to him with a gracious message ( 2 Samuel 7:1-16 ). So too in the Septuagint psalter (Psalms 150:2) we read, "My hands made an organ, my fingers fashioned a psaltery"; and gradually the whole of the Psalms came to be ascribed to David as author. 2Sam 24. Diccionario hebreo bíblico es una herramienta para aprender de una manera fácil y sencilla el significado de las palabras bíblicas en hebreo. He probably did not believe that outside the land of Israel Yahweh ceased to rule: the expression used in 1 Samuel 26:19 is not a term of dogmatic theology. The only remains of the secular poetry of David which have come down to us are his elegies on Saul and Jonathan and on Abner (2 Samuel 1:19-27; 3:33,14), which show him to have been a true poet. David la conquistó y la reconstruyó, edificó un palacio para sí y le dio su nombre (Luc 2:11). The crowds and even the demons recognize him as the son of David, the Messiah of Israel ( Matt 12:23 ; 20:30-31 ; Matthew 21:9 Matthew 21:15 ). vid. A fugitive. The end. An unhappy dispute arose between the men of Judah and the men of Israel ( 19:41-43 ). ¿Cuál es la definición de David? David king over Judah. Each of these is referred to some incident recorded in the books of Samuel, although sometimes the citation is erroneous (see PSALMS). It is sometimes supposed that we have here two inconsistent accounts of David's flight, according to one of which he fled to Samuel at Ramah, and according to the other to Ahimelech at Nob; but there is no necessity for such a supposition, and even if it were correct, it would not clear up all the difficulties of the narrative. David es un nombre masculino de origen hebreo (Dawich). War continued between David and Abner for several years, fortune always favoring David. Intenta dedicar tiempo a sus amigos, compaginándolo lo mejor que puede con sus obligaciones. But whereas the anointing of Saul was done surreptitiously and for a definite purpose which was explained at the time (1 Samuel 10:1), that of David was performed before his whole family, but with what object he was not told (1 Samuel 16:13). That there was some stability in it is shown by his taking two wives at this time--Ahinoam and Abigail (1 Samuel 25:42,43). During this period he supported himself and his men by making raids on the Philistine outposts and levying blackmail on his own countrymen (1 Samuel 25:2) in return for giving them his protection from the Philistines (1 Samuel 23:1). Moreover, not only was Saul aware that he had failed, but he saw before him the man who was ready to step into his place and succeed. Yet when coupled with the Chronicler's emphasis on God's promise to David of an enduring dynasty ( 1 Chron 17:11-14 ; 2 Chronicles 13:5 2 Chronicles 13:8 ; 21:7 ; 23:3 ), the Chronicler's treatment of David and Solomon reflects a "messianic historiography." Had he done so he would hardly have permitted the execution of seven sons of Saul (2 Samuel 21:1), and that, too, at the cost of breaking his plighted word (1 Samuel 24:21); he would not have stood in awe of the sons of his sister Zeruiah (2 Samuel 3:39), and would have punished Joab instead of weakly invoking an imprecation on his head (2 Samuel 3:29), however much he might have felt the loss of his services. Two other sons, Shephatiah and Ithream were also born in Hebron (2 Samuel 3:2-5; 1 Chronicles 3:1-4). David's special body-guard of Philistine troops--the Cherethites and Pelethites--were commanded by Benaiah, who in the following reign, succeeded Joab (1 Kings 2:35). Perhaps the earliest instance is the passage just cited containing the "last words" of David (2 Samuel 23:1-7). It had been the custom of the Israelites on setting out upon expeditions in which the nation as a whole took part to carry with them the sacred box or "ark" which contained the two stone tables (Joshua 4:7, etc.). His hope of salvation lay in the death of his king, the father of his wife and of his best friend. A David le gustan las cosas claras, no soporta la falta de transparencia, por lo que él mismo dice lo que piensa sin reparos. He is himself divine ( Psalm 45:6 ); like the angel of the Lord, he is both God and distinct from God. This brought sore trouble to David's heart. This calamity was the three-days pestilence which visited Jerusalem at the warning of the prophet Gad. His kingdom is peaceful, prosperous, everlasting, and faithful to the Lord. David también fue un rey de los judíos capaz de derrotar al gigante Goliat. David's success where Saul had failed, however, instead of gratifying only inflamed the jealousy of the latter, and he determined to put David out of the way. Taught, perhaps, by one of these, but certainly by dint of constant practice, David acquired an accuracy of aim which reminds one of the tales of William Tell or Robin Hood (1 Samuel 17:49). Yet it must be confessed that this constant looking forward to the future takes away from the spontaneity of his virtue. All these are said to have written memoirs of their times (1 Chronicles 29:29; 2 Chronicles 9:29). We must remember, however, that David lived among persons hardly one of whom he could trust. The relation existing between Jonathan and David was one of pure friendship. (See PSALMS .). The royal psalms center on a king who meets universal opposition, is victorious, and establishes righteous rule from Zion over the nations. Unfortunately Davids fame proved the foundation of that unhappy jealousy of Saul towards him which, mingling with the kings constitutional malady, poisoned his whole future relations to David. El significado del nombre David es “Persona que es amada”, es un nombre hebreo que proviene de la palabra ”דָּוִד”, que se entiende como “El amado” o el “El que Dios elegido” en el idioma hebreo. was largely due to the fact that the two great empires of Egypt and Assyria were at the moment passing through a period of weakness and decay. David's position was perhaps the most difficult imaginable. David's heart was such that he would face Goliath virtually unarmed and would triumph through his faith, while Saul cowered in his tent ( 1 Sam 17 ). Among all who appeared before him he failed to discover the one he sought. Absalom, afraid of the consequences of his guilt, fled to Geshur beyond Jordan, where he remained for three years, when he was brought back through the intrigue of Joab ( 2 Samuel 14 ). Joab favoured Adonijah. Yet his conduct toward the sons of Ammon was even more cruel (2 Samuel 12:31), and for less cause (10:1). Jesus comes like David, as "the Lord's anointed.". It was in the house of Abinadab at Kirjath-jearim, about 7 miles from Jerusalem, where it had been for many years, from the time when the Philistines had sent it home ( 1 Samuel 6 ; 7 ). is proved by the fact that his enemies did not deny that he was so (Matthew 22:41). He ruled over a vast empire, and his capital was enriched with the spoils of many lands. In this he contrasts somewhat with Ahab (1 Kings 21:5). Achish placed at his disposal the fortified town of Ziklag in the territory of the now extinct tribe of Simeon, and there he and his followers, each of whom had his family with him, took up their quarters for sixteen months (1 Samuel 27:6,7). It bore the title of "The Bow," and was to be taught to the children, that the memory of Saul and Jonathan might be preserved among them. In the oldest account which we have, contained in the books of Samuel, David appears as a musician and as a secular poet only, for it is obvious the poetical passages, 2 Samuel 22:1-23:7, do not belong to the original form of that book but are thrust in in the middle of a long list of names of David's soldiers. The Greek text, however, of that book ascribes only some 87 of the poems to David, and the Hebrew only 73. David's success, especially as against Saul's misfortune, is greatly exaggerated in 1 Chronicles 12:2,22. David composed upon the death of Saul and Jonathan an elegy every sentence of which has become classic. Some of these are not David's, and in the whole book there is only one which professes from its contents to be his, namely, Psalms 18 (= 2 Samuel 22). David - Traduccion ingles de diccionario ingles. The character of David must remain, like that of everyone, an insoluble enigma. Sin embargo, nos dejan ahí, asumiendo que, de alguna manera, podremos regresar por nosotros mismos. Having obtained it of Ahimelech, he for the first time left Israelite territory and went to the Philistine city of Gath (1 Samuel 21:10). ¿Cómo se usa David en una oración? One incident alone of his solitary shepherd life has come down to us --his conflict with the lion and the bear in defence of his fathers flocks.
tens, of which the first is a type of the whole. While David, in the freshness of ruddy youth, was thus engaged with his flocks, Samuel paid an unexpected visit to Bethlehem, having been guided thither by divine direction ( 1 Samuel 16:1-13 ). David went back again to his shepherd life, but "the Spirit of the Lord came upon David from that day forward," and "the Spirit of the Lord departed from Saul" ( 1 Samuel 16:13 1 Samuel 16:14 ). J. Flanagan, David's Social Drama: A Hologram of Israel's Early Iron Age; J. P. Fokkelman, Narrative Art and Poetry in the Book of Samuel, 3 vols. He turned to the tribe of Judah (the full brother of his own ancestor Levi), a tribe which was fast becoming the most powerful member of the federation. The favorite wife of his latter days was Bathsheba. The Chronicler (about 300 BC) seems to put parts of Psalms 105; 96, and 106 into the mouth of David (1 Chronicles 16:7), and Nehemiah 12:36 regards him apparently as the inventor of the instruments used in the Temple service (1 Chronicles 23:5), or as a player of sacred music. It was only after the death of Saul that his brother Joab threw in his lot with David. The two now parted never to meet again. David was sent for, and the prophet immediately recognized him as the chosen of God, chosen to succeed Saul, who was now departing from the ways of God, on the throne of the kingdom. In the prosecution of his military achievements David employed everyone who came to his hand as an instrument without any question of nationality. We accordingly find him first at Nob ( 21:1-9 ) and then at Gath, the chief city of the Philistines. there were found 22,273 first-born males, but only 22,000 Levites. David era el octavo hijo de Isaí; Salomón era el octavo hijo de David. In the early Christian centuries all the Psalms were ascribed to David and, where necessary, explained as prophecies. --We now enter on a new aspect of Davids life. Taken from the sheep herds, he would prove himself in battle (beginning as a young man, slaying Goliath), becoming more popular than King Saul. Saul was indebted for his election to Samuel, just as Barak was to Deborah (Judges 4:6). The Jerahmeelites were no doubt a powerful clan, but neither they nor any other of the subdivisions of Judah had ever done anything for the common good. In the Books of Samuel, David is a young shepherd who gains fame first as a musician and later by killing the enemy champion Goliath. Then rapidly followed the successive murders of Abner and of Ish-bosheth. Las principales fuentes de datos biográficos sobre David son los libros de Samuel y Reyes. But his title to the throne was not undisputed. In regard to this question it must be remembered that in the East at any rate there is no such distinction as that of sacred and secular. The manner in which he got himself out of Gath after this first visit there (1 Samuel 21:13) and the fact that he hoodwinked Achish during sixteen months (1 Samuel 27; 28:1) may excite our admiration but not our respect. 2 Chronicles 24:6. The claim of Adonijah to the throne is supported by Joab and Abiathar (1 Kings 1:7), as against that of Solomon who is backed by Nathan, Benaiah, Zadok (1 Kings 1:8) and Hushai (compare Ant, VII, xiv, 4). In the book of Immanuel (Isa. When he became king, his personal body-guard was composed of mercenaries of that nation--the Cherethites and Pelethites-- with whom he had become acquainted when at Ziklag (1 Samuel 30:14; 2 Samuel 8:18; 20:23). He conceived a bitter hatred toward him, and by various stratagems sought his death ( 1 Samuel 1830 -30). After this he returned to the old shepherd life again. The Chronicler deletes the narrative of Solomon's taking vengeance on David's enemies (1 Kings 2) and does not report the sins of Solomon which, according to Kings, were ultimately the reason for the break-up of the kingdom (1 Kings 11). Fortifications were added by the king and by Joab, and it was known by the special name of the "city of David." In a few years the whole territory from the Euphrates to the river of Egypt, and from Gaza on the west to Thapsacus on the east, was under his sway ( 2 Samuel 8:3-13 ; 10 ).
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